Sickle Beta Zero Thalassemia (Sickle BA-ta zero thal-a-SEE-me-a) is similar to sickle cell anemia. Your child’s red blood cells contain abnormal hemoglobin, called “hemoglobin S” or “sickle hemoglobin”. In addition, the red blood cells have a defect called thalassemia, which results in cells that are small in size and more pale than usual. Instead of appearing round or donut shaped, your child’s red blood cells are somewhat small, pale, and misshapen. Some may appear sickled or banana shaped.
Because sickle beta zero thalassemia is inherited, it is a lifelong disorder. There is no treatment or cure. Your child will always have a mild anemia or slightly low blood count. This may result in occasional tiredness or weakness.
There are several types of sickle cell disease. The most common are: Sickle Cell Anemia (SS), Sickle-Hemoglobin C Disease (SC), Sickle Beta-Plus Thalassemia and Sickle Beta-Zero Thalassemia.